Ronald Mah, M.A., Ph.D.  Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist MFC32136

                                   Psychotherapy for Children, Teens, Adults, Couples, & Families, Consulting, & Training

          433 Estudillo Ave., #305, San Leandro, CA 94577-4915 - Office: (510) 614-5641 - Fax: (510) 889-6553 - e-mail: - website:

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Books by Ronald Mah, M.A., Ph.D., L.M.F.T.

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All Relationships and Therapy are Multi-Cultural- Family and Cross-Cultural Complications 

All Relationships and Therapy are Multi-Cultural- Family and Cross-Cultural Complications

"All Relationships and Therapy are Multi-Cultural- Family and Cross-Cultural Complications." The therapist must conduct therapy as inherently cross-cultural and multi-cultural, not only between and among clients but also between the therapist and clients. Cross-cultural or multi-cultural perspectives are not an occasionally helpful or enriching tool in therapy, but a, if not the primary assessment and treatment strategy for effective interventions. Family-of-origin experiences are comparably compelling to functioning and relationships as culturally-based experiences that can cause matched and mismatched dynamics that can complicate and harm intimacy and harmony. There are important problematic approaches to cross-cultural conflicts that the therapist should avoid, including knowledge approaches that overwhelm the therapist. In addition, a practical approach will be presented that facilitates connection and intimacy, while addressing the client expressed therapeutic roadblocks of cultural determinism and cultural relativism: “I have to,” and “You don’t understand.”

Therapy can be mismanaged with clients who appear to have identical demographics, who nevertheless present significantly different attitudes, values, and behaviors based on family experiences comparable to cultural modeling. The harm of dismissal and disconnection from some universalistic approach to diversity (“I see you as an individual. I don’t see color or differences”) are examined as existential annihilation counter-indicative to good therapy. The therapist is guided how to adapt clinical strategies to fit the cultural styles of clients. In the challenging but not uncommon situation, when the therapist is not familiar with client’s cultural background, the therapist will be directed to effective therapeutic strategies using expression areas of cultural differences.





     Map Link to Office              HOME      about Ronald      Articles     Therapy & Counseling     Workshops & Consulting     Handouts     for Therapists     Books     DVDs     Links     Contact       
433 Estudillo Ave., #305, San Leandro, CA 94577-4911 Office: (510) 614-5641 - Fax: (510) 889-6553 - E-mail: 
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Copyright © 2007 Ronald Mah, M.A., Ph.D.
Last modified: June 13, 2014